Vascular dementia

Further form of dementia

Vascular dementia: Causes, Symptoms, Progression and Treatment

Everything you need to know about Vascular dementia

Vaskuläre Demenz - Ursachen, Symptome, Verlauf und Behandlung

Causes of Vascular dementia:

Vascular dementia (“vascular” means “affecting the blood vessels”) mainly results from changes in the blood vessels that supply the brain. Common causes are strokes or minor circulatory disorders in the brain that lead to brain damage. Risk factors include high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and smoking. Genetic factors can also play a role, especially if they lead to a predisposition to vascular disease.

Vascular dementia – Symptoms:

Symptoms vary depending on the areas of the brain affected and can occur abruptly or gradually. Typical symptoms include memory impairment, confusion, difficulties with planning and organization, concentration problems and slowed thinking. Physical symptoms such as weakness of a limb, unsteady gait and, in advanced stages, incontinence also often occur. As the symptoms can vary greatly depending on the area of the brain affected, vascular dementia is often difficult to diagnose.

Vascular dementia – Progression:

The progression of this form of dementia is typically gradual and can be characterized by the occurrence of new strokes. In contrast to other types of dementia, the progression of the disease can in some cases be slowed down by preventing further vascular events, for example by reducing obesity, controlling blood pressure and blood lipid levels and optimizing blood sugar control in diabetes mellitus. However, the course of vascular dementia is generally progressive and can vary in the severity of symptoms, depending on the further health development of the person affected.

Vascular dementia – Treatment:

Treatment to date has focused on controlling the underlying vascular disease and minimizing risk factors. Drug therapies can regulate blood pressure and diabetes, while blood thinners can help prevent further strokes. Complementary cognitive therapies, physiotherapy and lifestyle adjustments are used to manage symptoms and maintain quality of life. Multidisciplinary care is often necessary.


Vascular dementia is a progressive disease caused by damage to the blood vessels of the brain. It manifests itself in cognitive and physical symptoms that vary depending on the extent of the brain damage. The course of the disease can be influenced by careful management of vascular risk factors, with treatment often involving a combination of drug and supportive therapies. Early diagnosis and a comprehensive treatment program are critical to the care of those affected.

You can find an overview of other forms of dementia here:

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