Frontotemporal dementia (FTD)

Further form of dementia

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD): Causes, Symptoms, Progression and Treatment

Everything you need to know about Frontotemporal dementia

Frontotemporale Demenz - Ursachen, Symptome, Verlauf und BehandlungFrontotemporal dementia – causes:

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) – formerly known as Morbus Pick – is a form of dementia caused by the progressive loss of nerve cells in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. These areas are responsible for behavior, language and personality perception. Therefore, damage in these regions often leads to significant behavioral changes, language disorders such as aphasia – a subtype of frontotemporal dementia is primary progressive aphasia (PPA) – and problems with personality perception. The exact causes are not yet fully understood, but it is thought that genetic factors may play a role, as cases of familial clustering are known. In addition, abnormal protein deposits, such as Tau proteins or TDP-43, may play a role in the development of the disease. These deposits disrupt the normal function of nerve cells and lead to a progressive loss of cognitive and behavioral functions.

Frontotemporal dementia – Symptoms:

The symptoms of frontotemporal dementia vary depending on the areas of the brain affected, but usually include changes in behavior, personality and language. Behavioral symptoms include impulsivity, socially inappropriate behavior, lack of empathy and self-centeredness. Language symptoms may include aphasia with word-finding difficulties or loss of speech. In contrast to other forms of dementia, memory and orientation often remain relatively intact in the early stages. Symptoms often appear at a younger age, typically between the ages of 40 and 65.

Frontotemporal dementia – Progression:

The course of frontotemporal dementia is often progressive and is characterized by a gradual loss of cognitive and behavioural functions. In contrast to other forms of dementia such as Alzheimer’s disease, memory loss in FTD may only occur later in the course of the disease. Instead, the focus is on changes in behavior, personality and language. However, the course can vary greatly from person to person and the speed of progression of the disease is not always predictable.

Frontotemporal dementia – Treatment:

The treatment of frontotemporal dementia has so far focused on alleviating the symptoms and improving the quality of life of those affected. Medication such as antidepressants or antipsychotics are often used to treat behavioral symptoms. Speech therapy can help to improve communication skills. Support for family members is also important, as caring for someone with FTD is often extremely challenging due to the behavioral symptoms and younger age group.


Frontotemporal dementia is a form of dementia caused by the progressive loss of nerve cells in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. Symptoms include changes in behavior, personality and language and often appear at a younger age. The course of the disease is progressive and can vary from person to person. Treatment aims to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life and involves a combination of drug and non-drug approaches. Early diagnosis and holistic care are crucial to enable sufferers to have the best possible quality of life.

You can find an overview of other forms of dementia here:

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